Division of labor is a central part of any family that seeks to be "successful". Chores in a household have to be shared between members of the household, regardless of their marital status. There are three statuses that can be used to determine the criteria of division of labor within a household. These are marital status, gender and parenting status. In households where division of labor gets determined by the marital status, the husband assumes chores that have been presumed to be the responsibility of a husband; such as, maintaining yards and paying the bills while the wife assumes those that are believed to be chores of a wife in a marriage - such as taking care of children and maintaining cleanliness in and around the household. In households where division of labor gets determined by the gender of the involved parties, chores get divided along the lines of male and female chores. Men assume chores that have been believed to be suitable for males; such as maintaining the yard, paying the bills, auto maintenance among others. Women, on the other hand, take the chores that have been presumed to belong to females (feminine roles/chores) such as washing the dishes, going shopping for groceries, preparing meals and doing laundry(Schouten, 2013).
Where parenting status gets used to determine the division of labor within the household, males assume the chores and responsibilities of a father while females assume chores and responsibilities of a mother in the household. From the survey data, high levels of satisfaction are evident amongst respondents in almost all of the three statuses used to determine the criteria of labor division in a household. For example, where division of labor gets determined by gender; high percentages (78%) of men perform auto maintenance, as opposed to 26% of women. On the same note, there is the highest level of satisfaction for both men (4.1) and women (4.4). When it comes to grocery shopping, 73% of women take this chore compared to37% of men. On the same point, high levels of satisfaction are evident for both males (4.1) and females (3.8).
In my opinion division of labor within a household is best determined by the gender status of the involved parties. This is because in a household; there are jobs that are more suited for males and others for females. One should note that not only do these chore suit men or women respectively, but they are best executed when done by the preferred gender (Schouten, 2013). For example, more than 95% of auto maintenance done by men is satisfactory to everyone in the household. However, about 95% of auto maintenance done by women is not satisfactory to any members of the household.
On a different note, 73% of women go shopping for a grocery, which is way beyond the half line, compared to 37% men, but the level of satisfaction from both parties is at peak when women go shopping. This shows that women are better when it comes to grocery shopping. Chores are best shared along the gender line as most of the chores are best suited for one gender and not the other (Schouten, 2013). From the statistics, where chores get divided using the gender status, almost every chore score a high level of satisfaction for both parties. In conclusion, having labor divided along the lines of gender will have a healthy family life. This is because when both genders assume the chores that are best suited for them as explained, it is evident that the level of satisfaction from both genders are very high, indicating that all the parties in the household are happy. A happy household that has the chore done to every member's satisfaction will lead a long healthy life.
Schouten, G. (2013). A family affair: Political liberalism and the gendered division of labor.