Anxiety of the Jewish people with respect to returning to the Holy Land entailed cutting diplomatic relations with the Soviets and rising Iran as one of the main aggressors in the region due to the Sunni-Shia divide. To survive, Israel decides to behave aggressively to each state in the region due to low likelihood of resolving religious issues. Numerous conflicts in the region gave rise to the current state of affairs when Assad’s regime became an incentive for the terrorist network not to carry out attacks.
Soon after Israel had appeared on the map, Zionism aimed at causing “mass immigration into Israel of Jews” from the states where they did not live compactly. For Stalin, “Israel’s socialist beginnings” were not enough to accept “mass exodus” due to the “brain drain” too painful for the economy. Therefore, Israel’s “political propaganda events” on the territory of the superpower entailed consequences such as the quotas on “the number of Jews admitted to higher education and training for state institutions”. The Soviet Union “severed its diplomatic relations” “during the Six-Day War” due to Israel’s refusal to cease the fire.
From the very beginning, the USA understood that the creation of Israel in the Middle East was going to entail future conflicts. However, the Jewish minority in the USA misled the public opinion in this country to favoring the existence of the state of Israel. In 1953, the USA helped the Shah to overthrow Iranian “democratically elected government” that demonstrated sympathy towards Communism. However, in 1979, the revolution that erupted in Iran overthrew the Shah loyal to the USA. Nowadays, Iran exhibits advances in nuclear sphere, dominates Iraq, and supports the Assad regime in Syria, and Hezbollah in Lebanon as well as Hamas in Palestine.
In 1982, to survive Israel, came up with the strategy for the 1980s. It assumed becoming an economical stronghold in the region and causing disintegration of “the whole area into small states” with “the dissolution of all existing Arab states” being an intermediate step. Therefore, all other states in the region experienced threat from this country. However, due to the Sunni-Shiite divide, some countries are also worried about the threat from Iran since Shiites overwhelm Sunnis in this state.
Consequently, carrying only the idea of putting down the Iranian key ally in the region, these states started financing various terrorists who now fight against the Assad’s regime during the Syrian conflict. Such rich and lengthy provision of terrorists with funds and modern weaponry resulted in “the rise of the Islamic State (IS)”. Worrying about global stability, the USA prepares campaign to strike IS in Syria and Iraq. However, its allies Turkey and Jordan that have common borders with Syria and Iraq are reluctant to provide the USA with their facilities. In the case of Turkey, IS terrorists kidnapped “49 Turkish citizens, including diplomatic staff and their families”. In addition, Turkey opposes Jordan in providing such facilities because the possible campaign could entail Kurdish separatists receiving modern weaponry. Moreover, the Assad regime has “warned that it would treat” bombing IS on Syrian territory “unsanctioned by the Syrian government as an act of aggression”. Since Russia supports Assad regarding this matter, IS has something to lose. Thus, the opportunistic behavior on the part of Israel described above has given rise to the current state of affairs when a terrorist network challenges the global safety.
Two geopolitical axes can deal with the matter. One of them favors the existence of this country and the other one objects to its existence. In addition to Israel, the first axis contains Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Turkey, France, the UK, and the USA. As for the other axis, it includes Syria, Hezbollah, Iran, Hamas, China, and Russia.
The Iranian revolution that occurred in 1979 gave rise to decades of terror, including holding 52 “American hostages” captured in “the U.S. Embassy in Teheran” for 444 days in the same year. Iranian allies such as “the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah” performed “attacks across the Middle East and the world”. In addition to targeting citizens of the USA or Israel and people of Jewish nationality, Iran carried out bombing in Lebanon. It is finances that Hezbollah and Hamas receive from Iran that make these organizations belong to the resistance axis.
Saudi Arabia prefers the first axis because it experiences difficulties with the economy, has to deal with “the Sunni-Shiite divide”, and approaches the change in the generation of kings.
As for the USA, the opposition to radical terrorists from Syria such as the Islamic State makes the USA a part of the coexistence axis at this moment. Furthermore, the Western countries join the coexistence axis because the region provides them with excellent financial opportunities. For instance, in the 1990s, Europe charged Africa with $500 million for providing “its satellites for phone conversations”. Only after acquiring satellite for $400 million in a single payment, Africa stopped losing $500 million annually.
The Republic of Yemen has a common border with Saudi Arabia. Therefore, the latter has to take care about preventing the refugees from worsening the economic situation in the kingdom. Since 35% of Muslims in Yemen are Shias, Iran has the opportunity to strengthen its safety in the region through supporting Shia fighters in the ongoing war that tears this republic.
Russian President Vladimir Putin is sure that the Western countries doubt fairness of “Russian’s owing Siberia” and aim at destroying Russian nuclear deterrence. According to Putin, “direct support of terrorism in the North Caucasus” on the part of these countries, “the expansion of NATO and the creation of its anti-ballistic missile system in Eastern Europe” provide evidence for such the state of affairs. Since both Iran and Russia are rich in oil, on the regional level, their interests are oil prices. As for the local level, fairly recently, Russia has experienced a series of terrorist attacks. Therefore, Russia is worried about proliferation of various terrorist groups in Syria. On the other hand, many Russian citizens have joined the Islamic State. On the international level, China supports Russia in hope of Russian switch from sourcing European countries with gas and oil to providing it with these natural resources.
Thus, excessive anxiety of the Jewish people regarding settlement on the Holy Land has resulted in the long lasting conflict in the Middle East. As a result, the region became the training camp for the network of terrorists who spread their activities across the world and in the region. Although the USA knows that the camp is in Iraq and Syria, it has trouble with preparing an air strike. Specifically, terrorists have threatened Turkey to such extent that it does not provide its facilities; and Syria having support from Russia requires respecting its boundaries. Hence, as long as Assad rules Syria, the IS has an incentive not to carry out terrorist attacks.
One can easily distinguish two distinct geopolitical axes that can handle the matter. Specifically, the USA, the European Union, Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia favor Israel’s existence whereas Russia, China, Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, and Hamas oppose such state of affairs.
The USA and Europe enjoy financial opportunities the region provides thanks to their significant edge in technological innovations. In addition, they are interested in reducing the global threat of terrorist attacks.
Iran demonstrates impressive advances in fields such as domination of neighboring Iraq, inducing terrorist attacks through financing organizations such as Hezbollah and Hamas, helping the Assad regime in fighting Syrian rebels, and finally, constructing a nuclear power plant. Israel considers Iran and, to less extent, other countries in the region a tremendous threat for its existence. Therefore, it pursues a strategy that involves disintegrating all states in the region into smaller ones with subsequent patronizing them. However, due to the mainly Sunni-Shia divide, many countries in the region consider Iran a stronger threat to their existence. Among them, there are Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, the UAE, and Egypt as well as Iraq. Such state of affairs has become possible because taking care of its safety Iran does whatever it takes to maintain its influence over the part of the region, the size of which is as large as possible. It explains why Iran finances its allies in the on-going conflicts in Syria and the Republic of Yemen. At the same time, the states that challenge Iran other than Israel support the opposite sides of these conflicts. Due to large duration of the conflict in Syria, such spending has resulted in excessive proliferation of terrorist groups that started to challenge the global safety.
As it has been said, recently, Russia has experienced a series of terrorist attacks; therefore, it has its concerns in the region regarding the matter. Since its economy depends largely on the price of oil, Russia seeks the opportunities to control them in the region. The Russian Federation assumes that the Western countries exhibit hostile attitude towards it due to abundance of the resources it possesses. Being a superpower, China assists Russia in the region, expecting profitable contracts with this country. As for the USA, its Jewish minority has used various tricks to direct the public opinion of this superpower towards favoring existence of Israel. It has made the US citizens targets of terrorist attacks. Reducing the risks of these attacks is one of the main American interests in the region.