Public administration is a major issue that dominates various impacts on the society and world today. Public administration serves as the main topic of argument in the effective governing of public organizations. The 21st century exhibits a deteriorating graph on public organization governing. The decreasing effect is associated with ineffective administration approaches within the public environment. As such, the main features of the public administration should focus on improving various strategies regarding management of different sectors. These sectors include the public health, public educational institutions and governmental operations. Contemporary issues of management revolve around the evaluation of the public environment. The evaluation focuses largely on performance and management of the given institution. The objective of the presented analysis is to review various approaches and theories and offer effective solutions to various issues within these environments. Different theories as part of the discussion review specific studies in relation to the public environment. Additionally, this paper presents various approaches and recommendations targeting effective development in given circumstances.


Public Leadership in a Health Environment

Health environment is a significant feature of a given community or society. Complaints regarding the health environment spike various conflicts and misunderstanding with negative impacts on the society or community. As such, the presented case study of the health environment should emphasize on effective leadership. Prioritizing effective leadership skills requires various features ranging from the health institution to the health professionals. Organizational leadership is an essential feature within the health environment. As such, change is a significant issue for consideration in terms of both the health professionals and the institution. Among the basic features of change is modernization of healthcare services. Patient complains are based on poor services, ineffective administration and ineffective equipment within the healthcare institutions (Murphy, 2013). The role of any given healthcare environment is to provide quality services to the given community. As such, intelligent leaders should serve within the health environments of such institutions.

The healthcare structure comprises of various professional groups, several departments and area of specialty. As such, specific healthcare theories should encompass various areas and departments within the systems. A transformational leadership model is effective for the health administrative sector. The theory extends to traditional styles of management and transactional leadership structures. The theory focuses on supervision of provided services, organization of various departments and monitoring of group performance. Additionally the theory provides a framework that emphasizes group work based on set objectives. The model is also effective in the above case study as a way to enhance communication between health managers and other junior staff members (Murphy, 2013). Transformational leaders motivate workers based on the eventual performance within the health department or organization. An additional theory aimed at enhancing the same would be the collaborative leadership model. The model asserts healthcare process that guarantees effective provision of services.

A collaborative leadership model will incorporate staff members to work together based on mutual benefits. The use of such theory will effectively enhance productive services within the health institution due to the symbiosis element. As such, the immediate society will benefit from the quality services and attendance provided by the healthcare institution. The model will also enhance effective information communication among workers. The effect of the model will allow the workers to make informed decision based on the given circumstances.  The use of such structure directly influences the healthcare management. Additionally, the implementation of the theory will allow effective consultation between the stakeholders. Healthcare professionals should engage in a leadership process to enhance an active communication structure. The involvement of such members validates the organization’s objectives (Murphy, 2013). The results of such engagement will include a positive health environment and administration of public services. Raising motivation among the staff members is an additional step towards solving problems within the healthcare system discussed in this case.

Public Leadership in an Educational Environment

Public leadership in an educational environment is a sensitive matter that is part of various organizations. The hierarchy of command in such an environment has a mandate to execute managerial duties to the public. The said mandates of such organizations entail controlling of risk associated decisions. Public accountability is a dominant feature that is evaluated by the public. A school board in such case should follow allocated rules from the stakeholders and meet common public expectations. As such, authority check is a crucial issue within the educational environment. Additionally, the educational environment requires focusing on the basic principles of fairness. The school board should meet the demands of the engaged stakeholders without pressurizing for unrealistic demands. The eventual fulfillment of such requirements leads to equity in the society (Khalifa, 2012). The school board should focus on maintaining a sustainable leadership program. The structure of the program should revolve around engaging the student population in terms of all aspects of the learning environment.

The school board has a mandate to realize that the stakeholders and the community matters in every case of decision making. As such, the decision to pursue change of individual interest contradicts with public leadership principals. Educational environment has traditions that govern the everyday operations within given institutions. The board should enforce the continuity of the traditions within the educational environments. As such, pushing change affects the nature of the school traditions. Implementing the demanded changes without consultation is a feature that depicts irresponsibility from the board’s side. Additionally, parent involvement is a core attribute of leadership principals in an educational setting (Sekerka, 2014). The board requires parent’s approval regarding certain changes to be implemented. An applicable theory in handling the matters should therefore include instructional leadership as defined by the educational system.  A school culture is also a factor for consideration in the case of the school board affairs. Advocating for the right demands includes reviewing the school culture in relation to the pressing matters.

Public Leadership in Government Operations

Government operations require appropriate leadership skills due to the business nature of involved organizations.  Governmental organizations operate according to specific rules and mandates authorized by high ranking offices. As such, traditional command is a key feature of all governmental operations. Public leadership mandates command of the leaders at any given point. Effective government leadership requires new skills that would meet the demands and increased expectations. Several basic behaviors depict effective public leadership skills. Agile integration is a skill necessary for individuals holding the public offices. The approach includes the use of willingness character traits to adapt emerging theory of administration or management.  Arising problems within a community require detailed solutions. The agile integration plan involves various groups of people, information and available resources to solve the problems. As such, the discussed cases above require the technique of solving emerging public issues regarding public administration. Another significant approach regarding public leadership is the quiet transparency (Hale, 2013). The theory involves setting the platform for absolute trust and group engagement in executing duties.

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Public leadership requires structural shifts to encourage community development. The three aspects of a society revolve around advanced education, quality health services and effective leadership. Developing personalized services in the mentioned sectors requires devotion from the side of the involved individuals. As such, the public leadership system should enforce organizational policies that would focus on governmental operations. Leaders should support community development through the accomplishment of set objectives in the various environments. Strategic leaders should understand the significance of identifying potential organizational opportunities. As such, the immediate aim within the health environment is to identify the challenges regarding this sector. The approach will help initiate an effective plan towards improving the sector. Additionally, the evaluation will help the leaders to shift or change the administrative policies. Another significant approach that the educational environment should adopt is engagement of the public (Hale, 2013). General decision making requires critical analysis of the current problems through various dimensions.

Public leadership should also facilitate people of various backgrounds on the necessity to improve the immediate environment. The program should use campaign awareness programs within various healthcare and educational intuitions. Other areas of running the campaigns should include churches or voting stations. Public rallies may serve the purpose due to the mass gathering. Employees should motivate workers within various sectors by enhancing productivity of the highest order. High performance plans require extension of the campaign awareness beyond the borders. This strategy will create an environmental culture that would serve the purpose for the society. Leaders within the various organizations should create forums aimed at enhancing performance of the workers. The forums would include initiate objectives targeting both the organization and the communities.  The programs objectives should be directed towards sharing the varied experiences across communities (Hale, 2013). Additionally, applying the desired public leadership models will evaluate effectiveness across the public, educational and healthcare sectors.

Improving Public Leadership Styles

Public leadership styles define the public administration in various sectors.  The techniques also influence the state of the public environment in relation to the community. The mind is the center stage of the leadership technique in any given conditions. Mindfulness is a perception that means paying attention to the immediate environment. The modern society has various issues that affect a given environment within the public sector. As such, a mindset is the major setback within different environments. Public leadership entails developing skills to cope with emerging issues within the society. The concept is basic for a desired decision making process. Public reasoning is set in a way that requires effective leadership to encourage development on different levels. Informed perception of a current matter helps leaders decide on the desired approach upon a given case. Different experiences may result in formulated perception that hinders change. As such, public leadership should focus on making the public aware of the challenges that would arise in given cases.  A societal concept of leadership defines change as an inevitable part of administration. The notion is capable of influencing the public in terms of flexibility in the progressing circumstances. Public leaders should incorporate the concepts in order to realize progressive development in the society.

Public organizations are related to ethics which plays a major role in meeting public demands within various perspectives. The term ethics may be defined differently depending on the situation and the application. Additionally, the word ethics refers to a field that deals with optimistic and undesirable concepts within public surroundings. The term also focuses on moral duties and obligations that may be present on both levels. With the major public scandals that surround the modern corporate world, paying attention to ethical values is highly preferential in today’s world. The public organization, the government and other decision-making bodies seek to find solutions to various crises. The above discussed cases necessitate the use of various leadership strategies to achieve effective results. As such, leaders in an educational environment should use strategic models to meet the demands of the public. The strategies revolve around effective leadership skills. Several attributes generate the effective leadership skills for an organization or community (Rainey, 2014). The features include ability to maintain authority while following the example. Public leadership skills also entail effective communication between the members of the public and the top leaders. The ability to incorporate various elements of management is the basics of leadership techniques. The health environment is a sector that requires incorporation of both technical and conceptual skills. As such, specific healthcare theories should embrace countless policies within allocated departments of a healthcare structure. Transformational leadership concepts are effective for rapid changes in the health administrative sectors.


Public organization requires discipline from the side of various governmental organizations and departments. The major challenge to societal development originates from poor governance and overdependence on ineffective leaders. Additionally, the society thrives in corruption and impunity arising from greed. The main areas of the community affected include the health sector, educational sector and public management of resources. The studies of public organizations are a noteworthy issue that involves various societies and world environments. Public administration is also a substantial matter of discussion in terms of the maintenance of the public organization. Organizational leadership is an indispensable component that best describes the health environment. The relationship between the public administration and the health environment evaluates leadership skills within the world today. As such, the role of any given healthcare environment is to provide quality services to the immediate community. Proper provision of medical services signifies the extent of development in any society. The community plays the central role in evaluating the quality of services provided by the healthcare organizations at any given time. Additionally, appropriate healthcare service provision generates a growing nation due to high levels of reproduction. Educational environments are fundamental constituents that largely dominate in the development of the society with various consequences.

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