Criminal Justice Proposal
Target Population and Identification
The underlying goal of the current program is to develop solutions to the challenges facing the South Texas County Police Department and its affiliated agencies in their efforts of combating drug and human trafficking. For that reason, the program targets the South Texas County law enforcement agencies and the local population. The success of the program will depend on the underlying criminal justice system, which entails the courts, the police, and correctional facilities. In this context, the police and the affiliated law enforcement agencies are the main components of the targeted population as they have the key responsibility of maintaining order and enforcing relevant laws (Bryson & Patton, 2010; Cook, Godiwalla, Brooks, Powers, & John, 2015). Police officers are also given responsibilities in the program as they are constitutionally mandated to prevent and control crime (Brown, Esbensen, & Geis, 2012). The first group of participants will be pulled from the Departments communication unit. This group will undergo training on information security and electronic document management practices. To increase their numbers, volunteers within the force will be accepted. Additionally, compensation-based incentives will be used in areas where there is reluctance. Incentives are effective in motivating the officers to join the given tasking program. Further, local officers that join the program will be deputized to carry similar duties performed by their counterparts at the DEA and the FBI.
Similar Programs and Analysis of Their Policies, Procedures, and Job Descriptions
In response to the perennial problem of drug and human trafficking in the Southwest border, the government and other state agencies have developed programs and policies meant to solve the problem.
The Southwest Border Initiative (SWBI)
One of the most popular government-led initiatives is the Southwest Border Initiative (SWBI). The SWBI develops policies and procedures for legal collection of data regarding drug trafficking during observer deployment (DEA, 2016). Once the data is collected, it is forwarded to relevant law enforcement agencies. Under the initiative, the observer must follow the predefined procedures. The SWBI is a cooperative effort by the United States federal law enforcement agencies to fight the threat from Mexico-based drug trafficking groups operating along the Southwest Border (DEA, 2016). The groups smuggle shipments of marijuana, heroin, and methamphetamine. The SWBI attacks such organizations by monitoring the communication systems of their control and command centers. The SWBI constitutes jointing efforts of the FBI, the DEA, the U.S. Attorneys Offices and the U.S. Customs Services. The wiretap strategy and procedures enables the DEA and the FBI to track the activities of such drug trafficking groups.
FBIs Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program
The other similar program is the FBIs Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program, which serves as the starting point for law enforcement agents, researchers, students of criminal justice, the media and any member of the public seeking information regarding different crimes in the country (FBI, 2016). This model can be assimilated in the proposed program, especially in the effort to improve data collection and intelligence sharing amongst the local law enforcement agencies. The UCR program was initiated in 1929 to meet the urgent need for reliable and uniform crime statistics in the United States. A year later, the FBI was mandated to collect, publish, and archive such statistics. The archived data is received from states, counties, universities, colleges, and federal laws enforcement agencies participating in the program. Additionally, the crime data is submitted through the FBIs UCR Program or through a state UCR Program.
DEA Local and State Task Force Program
Besides the UCR Program, there also function the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Local and State Task Force Program (DEA, 2016). The DEA cooperates with its local and state partners to create the Task Force Program to enforce laws pertaining to controlled substances and international narcotic trafficking. The program provides a federal law enforcement presence in sparsely populated areas. Combining the working experience of federal expertise and the DEAs specialists with local and state officers investigative experience, as well as their knowledge about their jurisdiction, improves drug enforcement investigations. Considering the current information, the DEA State and Local Task Force Program had initiated 259 task forces, including Provisional, Program Funded, High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA), and Tactical Diversion Squads. Provisional State and Local Task Forces are funded by the operating budgets of the DEAs division officers, without any support from the DEA headquarters. On the other hand, the Program Funded State and Local Task Forces receive financial support from the DEAs headquarters. DEA special agents, as well as the states and local officers compose the task forces. The participating local and state officers are deputized to perform the same function as their colleagues from the DEA headquarters. Other similar programs include High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTAs), Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF), and Drug Prevention/Demand Reduction.
Table 1 Summary of Similar Programs
Agencies, Procedures, Policies and Job Description
1. The Southwest Border Initiative (SWBI)
DEA, FBI, U.S. Customs
Staffed by DEA and FBI agents
2. FBIs Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program
Collection, storage, and retrieval of crime data
Staffed by FBI employees and state UCR employees
3. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Local and State Task Force Program
Combat trafficking at local and state level
State and local enforcement cooperation
Staffed by DEA agents, state officers, and local officers
Three Most Pertinent Policies, Procedures and Job Descriptions Necessary for the Program
Considering the gravity of the issue and its influence on the society, the program proposes community-oriented and problem-oriented policing approaches. As the name suggests, community-oriented policing model emphasizes the creation of community-police relationships. In the same context, the police adapts to the community settings and work with citizens to identify criminals, as well as to create solutions. On the other hand, problem-oriented policing model entails implementing strategies that respond crime and disorder. Community policing is recommended at the County level due to its capacity to improve the relationship between the police and the public for law enforcement agencies to collaborate in addressing the problem of drugs and human trafficking. The proposal also recommends the problem-oriented policing model due to its ability to gather adequate data regarding the drug and human trafficking problems. The other pertinent policy regards data and information security. Given that the program largely relies on shared data and intelligence, it is important to formulate security policy that governs that collection, storage, archival, retrieval, and transfer of information across agencies. The design, development, and implementation of the programs information security plan intend to prevent intrusions and protect informational assets from illegal access, damage or loss. At the same time, the information security policy is intended to protect the South Texas County Police Departments intranet and its public Internet access point, which entails the submission of vital information regarding drug and human trafficking.
Need for Interagency Collaboration
Extensive interagency cooperation and collaboration at state, national, and international levels are essential ingredients in fighting drugs and human fighting (Brown B. , 2011). The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are agencies with global reach. For this reason, they have can work with local law enforcement agencies in both Mexico and the United States to combat the drugs and human trafficking problems through joint investigation and sharing of pooled intelligence regarding these crimes. The two agencies collect and share intelligence regarding drug trafficking organizations, as well as the human trafficking groups operating in and around the hotspots along the Southwest border (Perkins & Placido, 2010). In addition, the DEA is the only United States agency with the largest law enforcement presence in Mexico, making it the most vital source of intelligence pertaining to cross-border drug and human trafficking activities. Interagency collaboration is vital because the cooperation supports domestic cases for the United States persecution and bilateral criminal enterprise programs with Mexico. Working collaboratively with counterparts in both sides of the Southwest border, as well as with the federal partners in the Department of Homeland security, the program leverages all the available expertise, technology, and financial resources. Close coordination with the affected local and state law enforcements, as well as with the Mexican counterparts will enable the South Texas County Police Department to access real-time information and intelligence. Consequently, the Department will realize more arrests and convictions related to human and drug trafficking.
Training Requirements and Materials for Key Personnel
Training is an integral part of a larger vision to solidify the law enforcement response to narcotics and human trafficking at the state level through establishment of drug enforcement networks. Given that the training will be performed under the countywide program and implemented through partnership with state and federal agencies, the training will require financial support from both private and public entities. The need to strengthen County and cross-border partnership in combating human and drug trafficking should be placed at the center of training (Barak, 2009). It will cover legal trainings, help expand them to other counties in the state, as well as other states that have become drugs and human trafficking hotspots.
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Training programs are meant to fortify skills, knowledge, and competence in specific areas of an organizations human resource. Departmental training is not only a necessity, but also a strategic management approach to improving efficiency in data collection, information sharing, and implementation of the program goals. The training programs will be developed by analyzing the internal and external environment of the police department. In contrast to training projects, the current training program will constitute a set of courses and a flexible schedule to ensure that all the employees are trained within the budget. One of the training requirements is that it must meet the objectives of the program by considering such factors as training facilities, gender, ager, and technology. Most importantly, the training will be formalized. The program needs financial, technological, and human capital resources from both private and public sectors.
Implementation Plan and Timeframe for the Program
The programs implementation plan is designed to ensure that the program deliverables are attained within budget and schedule. In other words, the implementation plan will serve as a guide that directs the program towards the achievement of its objectives. The South Texas County Police Department will achieve its goal of combating human and narcotics trafficking within its jurisdiction by implementing appropriate set of controls, including departmental policies, procedures, and processes. The identified controls should be implemented, monitored, and improved to ensure that the South Texas County Police Department achieves both mental and program objectives. Additionally, the existing and formulated policies represent the protocols for not only meeting program objectives, but also for maintaining the departmental control over the drug enforcement initiatives. Further, the implementation plan is meant to ensure that the South Texas County Police Department complies with the legal and financial requirements imposed by donors and the federal government. Moreover, the plan will also govern the security, confidentiality, and integrity of the information and intelligence shared across the affiliated law enforcement agencies. In essence, the program implementation plan will ensure that data collection and intelligence sharing amongst the South Texas County law enforcement agencies is done, as well as to identify prevention strategies and provide protection for human trafficking victims. The program is scheduled to last 12 months, once funds are allocated for planning.