Being the borderland country, Ukraine was always subjected to civil conflicts, wars and revolutions. There have always being the interest conflict between empires, states and countries and the territory of the country frequently became the battlefield for this conflict solution. The lodgment between West and East Europe conflicts have always been on the territory of Ukraine, Its geographical position made the country both an important link between East and West and the vulnerable boundary zone. However, the country always resolved these conflicts and preserved its cultural identity no matter what.
Even the name of the county, from different translation means “on the border,” says Mark von Hagen (31). He sees the county’s geographical position as the main reason for constant conflicts. As the result, the continuous wars and misunderstanding taught Ukraine how to manage and made the people of this country patient, competitive and strong nation (von Hagen, “Revising the Histories of Ukraine” 33). In addition, due to frequent civil conflicts and international wars, the country obtained multinational population, taught the tolerance, and eliminated the notion of “other”, approving other ethnicities and full-fledged members of its society (Kuzio 347). Another advantage of being the epicenter of conflict was the appreciation of freedom and independence, being natural for the county’s inhabitants (Reid 159). Reid also cautions the historical link of different part of the country to different borderland neighbors, explaining slight difference in cultural heritage of the country, as well as being the innate reason for civil conflicts inside the country happening in the 21st century (215).
The great part of Ukraine’s history was enclosed in Bolsheviks conflicts. At the beginning of the 20th century, the south of Ukraine suffered from famine, supposed to be artificially created by Bolsheviks. In addition, during the Civil war 1917-1922 the territory of Ukraine was the main battlefield with anarchists, “red” and “white” forces fights (Adams 227). Therefore, such bloody conflict lead to the fact of intrinsic hate to everything linked to Bolsheviks, in future leading to strong protests and misunderstanding inside the country (Dobriansky 68). Dobriansky, as well as other investigator, such as Maple, Peterson and Kuck, von Hagen and others, point out the conflicts at the beginning of the 20th century as the most indicative and history-making ones in the history of Ukraine’s ability to stand out and resolve the fights and misunderstanding, and most importantly, survive them.
Maple indicates that there is no such notion as the history of Ukraine. He cautions that the country’s real history begins at the end of the 20th century, particularly in 1991 with independence declaration (1). Von Hagen in proved this by caution that until 1991 there was no even such country since it was the republic in the within USSR (“Does Ukraine Has a History” 659). Peterson and Kuck highlight that the absence of previous history is the key reason for resent conflict inside and outside the county. The inability to find the common denominator between West and East part of Ukraine due to the historical reasons (these part were in different times under different countries’ control) is the most complicated consequence of Ukraine being borderland, cautions Magocsi (337). His main point in investigation the Ukrainian history is that it all comes from the history. In fact, this is the common idea of all literature concerning the issue.
Summing up one can say that being in the middle of constant civil conflicts resulted in the set of advantages and disadvantages for the people of Ukraine. Looking at the common state of the country, one can say that, as usual, the conflict is to be resolved due to innate ability of the country to survive and finds peace.