The first half of the 19th century was a period of great changes in America. The influence of industrial revolution, scientific and technological achievements, appearance of new social tendencies and movements changed the commonly accepted standards and interest and called for the reorganization of the entire society.
People usually associate the sixties with the hippie movement, free love, drugs and rock-n-roll. It is easier to think about multicolored fashion and to draw the sign of peace without trying to recall the reason for such cultural protest. However, the war in Vietnam became a serious disaster both for the Vietnamese and American people.
Art is the way of depicting and describing any objects, personalities, places, and time periods. Nowadays, people deal with many forms of art: paintings, literary works, architectures, sculptures, and music works. However, art connoisseurs and researchers are still having many objectives for studying and researching, as there is a large number of anonymous artworks.
This research paper aims to describe the ancient Chinese cultural self-consciousness and the attitude of the Chinese to foreigners. The integration of all Chinese states under the rule of Zhou initiated this cultural mentality among the Chinese who are also referred to as Han people. The distinction between the Chinese and non-Chinese is also known as the Sino-Barbarian dichotomy.
Slavery appeared hundreds of years ago and became an integral part in the development of civilizations. The Atlantic Slave Trade, or Transatlantic Slave Trade, was a unique phenomenon in the history due to its duration and the number of countries participating in it. In the course of time, it turned into a massive enterprise that yielded enormous sums of money to slavers and slaveholders.
As stated by Andrews, early religious codices bound in wooden board covers and heavily decorated with precious materials like ivory, gold, jewels and enamels are known as “Treasure Bindings” (14). One of the reasons these codices are hard to find is that only a few of them were produced. Lindau Gospels is one of the codices that still have been preserved till modern times.