Anemia is among the most common blood conditions. Individuals suffering from it have too few or abnormal red blood cells. This means that the level of hemoglobin production is also low and the body tissues do not get enough oxygen. As a result, a person shows symptoms like fatigue, headaches, and difficulties in breathing. There are many types of anemia depending on the causes and treatment. This paper provides reasons to show that Ms. A is suffering from iron deficiency anemia based on the symptoms and laboratory values.
Ms. A is suffering from iron deficiency anemia. Although she is apparently a healthy 26-year old woman, she has noted increased shortness of breath and low levels of energy and enthusiasm. These symptoms seem worse during her menses. In addition, while playing a golf tournament, she became light-headed and was taken to the emergency clinic. The physician’s notes indicated a temperature of 98 degrees F, an increased heart and respiratory rate and low blood pressure. Moreover, on top of the fact that Ms. A has such problems as menorrhagia and dysmenorrheal, the laboratory values show low levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit of 32 percent, erythrocyte count of 3.1 * 10/mm and reticulocyte count of 1.5 percent.
The symptoms of iron deficiency anemia worsen during the menstruation period. This makes one of the reasons to conclude that Ms. A is suffering from this type of anemia. During her menses, she takes 1,000 mg of aspirin every 3 to 4 hours, and during the summer months she also takes pills to avoid stiffness in her joints (Clark, 2008). Like most of patients with iron deficiency anemia, she experiences tiredness, shortness of breath, and an elevated heart rate. Moreover, Ms. A is of childbearing age and that she takes some pills during her monthly period can mean she experiences heavy blood flow (Killip, Bennett & Chambers, 2007). This heavy menstrual bleeding can possibly cause iron deficiencies. In this case, the patient may feel dizzy and tired particularly during work-out session. Fundamentally, the body needs iron to produce hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen to the body tissues (Killip et al., 2007). Therefore, in iron deficiency cases, the tissues and muscles do not get enough oxygen. As a result, the patients experience shortness of breath, low blood pressure, and low levels of energy. Moreover the laboratory results of such individuals show low levels of hemoglobin, too (Clark, 2008).
In addition, when playing a golf tournament at a high mountainous area a patient was taken to the emergency clinic. A possible explanation is that due to insufficient iron in the body, the production of hemoglobin is lowered (Killip et al., 2007). Therefore, because such activity like golfing requires considerable amount of energy, Ms. A’s body could not sustain the required demand and that was the reason for light-headedness. In other words, iron deficiencies lead to low levels of energy in the body (Clark, 2008). More surprisingly, Ms. A states that she takes aspirin during her menses and the regular use of pain relievers may increase the rate of bleeding. Eventually, this can lead to anemic conditions. When these individuals take part in workouts and sports, they are likely to get tired quickly, feel generalized fatigue and headaches (Killip et al., 2007).
Moreover, the laboratory results show values for RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and erythrocytes count. These are positive results of a complete blood cell (CBC) that show deficiencies of iron in the bloodstream (Clark, 2008). A CBC is a useful test in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia since most people are not aware that they have low levels of iron. This type of anemia means that the body of the patient loses more iron than it can absorb (Killip et al., 2007). In other case, one’s organism can have the ability to absorb iron, but the person is not taking foods that have rich contents. Moreover, the body can need more iron in some situations. For instance, in Ms. A’s case, her body needs more iron during and after the menses because she experiences heavy bleeding. Therefore, if she does not take high contents, she is likely to show some common symptoms of anemia (Clark, 2008).
In conclusion, the symptoms shown by Ms. A are related to insufficient circulation of oxygen to the body tissues and muscles. They include lack of energy, shortness of breath, especially during physical activities, headaches, and rapid heartbeat. These symptoms and laboratory results are the reasons to believe that she is suffering from iron deficiency anemia.